Succulent plants, or more properly succulent plants, are particular plants that possess tissues capable of storing large amounts of water. Thanks to this particularity, succulent plants are able to store liquids for periods of drought. To be able to keep the water inside the plant, they avoid excessive transpiration thanks to the thickening of the epidermis, the growth of hair, the modification of the leaves in thorns and the photosynthesis carried out by the trunk. The succulent plants cannot be, apart from a few specimens, grown at home, because they still need the right lighting, ventilation and temperature. Especially important is the winter temperature, which must be between 4 and 7 degrees to allow the plant a natural rest.
Care of succulents
Succulent plants can grow on stony, desert, or in rocky crevices, or on trees, so it is advisable that the soil is adequately drained so that no water stagnates that would cause the roots to rot. As for the waterings, the excessive ones are certainly to be avoided, in the case of succulent plants it would sometimes be better to avoid watering if there were doubts, this because they are able to absorb the right amount of water from the moist soil. However in the period of growth, spring-summer, one could proceed with an irrigation every two weeks that become three in the period of rest. Some common succulents can be: Agave, Aloe, Euphorbia, various types of Cactus, Yucca, Prickly Pear.
Carnivorous plants, also called insectivorous plants, are plants that are able to trap insects and other arthropods in order to be able to obtain the nutrients they need for growth. This particularity is due to the fact that these plants have developed in marshy environments, in bogs or with outcropping rocks, in which the substances in the soil are small and too acid to facilitate plant growth. Generally carnivorous plants they are of herbaceous type with particular modified leaves that guarantee the capture of insects. Usually carnivorous plants they have reduced roots, since most of the plant's energy is used for the production of traps and digestive enzymes, this because the nitrogen needed by the plant is absorbed by the insects through the leaves.
Giant carnivorous plants: Care of carnivorous plants
The carnivorous plants use different systems of traps: with ascidium, the preys are trapped inside a leaf; adhesive, the capture takes place through a sticky mucilage; snap, the prey is trapped by the leaves that are stimulated by the movement; by suction, the prey is sucked into a structure that generates a pressure vacuum; a lobster, the capture takes place through hairs that carry the prey inside the digestive organ. Carnivorous plants should be kept outdoors because they need light and cold to rest. It is advised never to fertilize them because they take nutrients directly from their prey. The giant carnivorous plants they are of the genus Nephentes, which can reach 20 meters in height with leaves up to 80 centimeters in length and 12 in width.