The vine is a shrubby plant of the genus Vitacee. The most common type of vine is the one that will produce the grapes from which the wine will be obtained. This is a plant classified as a climber which can therefore grow only having the support of something, such as a gazebo or a pergola. The vine will produce, during its growth, very developed roots, which can reach ten meters. As a fruit, the vine will always give berries, which are called berries, grouped in clusters, which can have variable colors. Its fruits as well as being used for the production of wines can have herbal effects, for example the juice of the berries can be used to hydrate and nourish dry skin, while its dried sheets have astringent power and fresh leaves can be used for to alleviate the burning of skin diseases.
The period for vine pruning
Pruning is given by a set of modifications by eliminating parts of a plant to favor their future development. We have three ideal times for vine pruning, in order to make it grow luxuriantly and to produce more fruit afterwards, and each of these periods will allow us to modify the normal behavior of the plant. One of the periods that can be pruned is in late spring, if you want to delay the appearance of the shoots especially to prevent them from being ruined with spring frosts, or after harvest, to reduce the accumulation of reserve substances. Finally, it can also be implemented in late autumn or early winter, this is the most suitable type of pruning for southern climates, for old vines and for late vines, which serves to anticipate budding.
The table vine
The table vine differs from the wine one because in the first the fruits are sweeter, they have a thinner skin and the flesh is more compact. Table vines must be planted in a place fully exposed to sunlight, as this is indispensable for the growth and prosperity of the plant; these can also be grown in pots about fifty centimeters deep, to allow the development of large roots. The most suitable places for the cultivation of this plant are the espalier, the espalier and the pergola. Irrigation is essential for the proper growth of the berries and must be done with amounts of water that increase each time after flowering. The pruning of this type of vine is preferable at the end of autumn or in winter, since in the germination season cuts are produced that without winter pruning would produce an excess of lymph.
Vine pruning: The pergola vine
The vine arbor, in addition to producing fruits that can be used to cool off in the summer and to produce wine, are also excellent for shielding a balcony or terrace from sunlight without sacrificing aesthetics. To build one you must have a suitable pergola, with simple wooden boards parallel to each other to allow the plant to grow without problems. Among the various types of vine that can be adapted to the pergolas, those with large and thick leaves are the best because they grow more easily and therefore need less attention; this does not mean that even if exposed to factors that can ruin the crops (such as excessive humidity) even these will not resist. As far as pruning is concerned, this is always indicated in late autumn, and exposure to sunlight is essential for correct growth.