How to grow and care for potatoes
For the sowing of potatoes, proceed by making a ditch ten centimeters deep. Gently lay the potatoes at a distance of approximately thirty centimeters from each other. A really important thing to watch out for is that the sprouts are facing upwards. The sowing is done on dry ground and finished the winter. The potatoes must be covered without compacting the earth, this to ensure that they can breathe during growth. If there is still the possibility of frost, protect the plants with straw or suitable fabrics. Even if they are not completely ripe, it is possible to collect only those to be consumed from time to time, waiting for the other tubers to ripen. The harvested potatoes should be stored in a cool, dry and dark place.
How to water the potatoes
One of the dangers to the potato is too much moisture, which causes the tubers to rot. In case of rainy periods, it is not necessary to irrigate. On the contrary, in case of drought it is necessary to water the plants. In the first phase of germination, the irrigations can be scarce while they will have to increase with the formation of the tubers. It is very important to maintain the freshness of the soil by gently moving it and proceeding with good mulching and earthing up. The tamping should be done by piling up the soil at the base of the plant very carefully. This will help keep weeds from growing and prevent the potatoes from getting light. To avoid strong temperature changes, watering will be performed in the evening, preferably in the furrows.
How and how much to fertilize
Fertilization must be carried out in the autumn or winter period, so as to prepare the soil for sowing in the spring. It is necessary to fertilize with moderation because an excessive dose of fertilizer would make the plants attackable by blight. It would also make the potatoes more perishable and favor the development of the leaves instead of the tubers. Use compost and manure that provide the necessary useful elements for the development of the potato. It is recommended to plant the beans nearby, which reduce the presence of the potato beetle. Corn, cabbage and sunflowers are also very useful for the same reason. It would seem harmful to sow for two years on the same land, instead it could grow later with cereals or in an area where we have carefully fertilized.
Seeding potatoes: exposure and possible diseases
Regarding the exposure of potato plants, it does not require particular sunny conditions. Potato plants can be affected by some diseases such as alternariosis, a fungus that causes dark spots both on potatoes and on plants. , alongside the cultivation of potatoes with other crops, helps prevent their spread. Even some parasitic insects like the Colorado beetle can cause serious damage. The only remedy would seem to be spraying the leaves with a product based on pyrethrum powder. As previously said, helping the cultivation of potatoes with other crops helps prevent the spread of the parasite. Periodically proceed with weeding to remove the plants weeds that would affect the development of the tubers.