How to irrigate
The pomegranate is a robust plant, in nature it grows spontaneously even in areas difficult for the engraftment of plants, such as the slopes and cliffs of the mountains. Watering should be concentrated in the first two years of life, when it is necessary to develop the root system to the best and allow the correct development of the aerial part of the plant. In the following years the irrigations must be increased in the hottest periods, to avoid that the drought of the ground compromises the development of the fruits. Waterings must always be done in the evening, to allow the plant to absorb the moisture it needs during the coolest hours of the night. The water to be used is rainwater, neutral and non-calcareous, left to decant and heat in the sun in the hours before irrigation. In the garden it is necessary to always keep the soil moist with irrigations to be carried out every two days, while in pot, since the amount of soil is limited, it is good to soak the soil every day. Water stagnation, which would cause root rot, and total watering of the plant should be avoided, since too much humidity could cause diseases to arise.
How to take care of it
The pomegranate can be grown in the garden, but also in pots. In any case, much attention must be given to the composition of the soil, which must have a good draining capacity. A compost made from peat, organic fertilizer, thin gravel and sand should be used. In the garden it is necessary to dig a deep and very large hole, for the cultivation in pot it is necessary to use medium-large pots, about 50 cm in diameter. Generally new plants are obtained by division of the root system or by cuttings, with both these techniques it is possible to have plants identical to the one of origin. There is also a reproduction by seed, but this in addition to requiring more time for the generation of the fruits, has the problem that does not guarantee that the species produced is the same as the mother plant. A pomegranate plant needs two years to produce the first fruits.
When to fertilize
Fertilization is an important phase in the cultivation of pomegranate. It is necessary not only for the development of the plant, but also for having larger and full-bodied fruits. The ecological choice is to use an organic fertilizer both a mature manure, rich in nitrogen, and a compost of about two years, mixed with ash and straw. The two possibilities can also be used together, thus creating a mixture rich in nutrients for the plant. The fertilizations must be done with regularity and in general in certain periods of the vegetation of the plant. In winter after the harvest of the fruits, the plant enters the vegetative rest, with fertilizing the plant is given those substances it needs to recharge. In spring, when the first fruit-bearing buds appear, the plant needs further nutrients to allow it to produce copious and abundant produce in the autumn.
Pomegranate: Exposure, diseases and remedies
The pomegranate can be hit by insects, which feed on sap, readily available from the most tender parts of the plant, such as the sprouts, stems and leaves just sprouted. Aphids, red spider mites and cochineal are among the most common pomegranate parasites. To eradicate the disease the only remedy is to make a vigorous pruning of the infected parts, being careful to sterilize the shears to avoid infecting the healthy parts of the plant. The cut branches are immediately burned. It is also necessary to proceed with the preparation of a solution, obtained by boiling water and wood ash, cooled completely, filtered and using a hand pump sprayed over the entire surface of the plant. This operation must be done in the evening hours, so that the plant is wet for several hours with this solution. The treatment should be repeated until no more traces of parasites are observed. The pomegranate also suffers from diseases due to the presence of too much water. In these cases it is necessary to reduce the water supply, the compromised fruits cannot be recovered, but the plant will return to grow normally.