Apartment plants

Diseases plants apartment

In winter, indoor and outdoor plants undergo physiological changes to adapt to climate change. In fact, as we well know, plants to grow and develop must submit to a complex system of biological processes, conditioned, in turn, by various external factors linked to the climate.
This is precisely the period in which the plants are transported inside the house, a passage that can represent a moment of particular stress. In fact, the plants, which until now have experienced climatic conditions subject to strong winds, rapidly decreasing temperatures and heavy rainfall, are transported in a protected environment, where the environmental conditions are completely different. This habitat change strongly affects growth, flowering, fruit production and in the most serious cases, it can also cause the deterioration of the plants themselves.
In fact, plants in these conditions react instinctively in such a way as to reduce vital activity to a minimum and maintain the reserve of nutrients as energy for survival and this is manifested by the fall of flowers, the yellowing of the leaves and one state of general suffering.
For indoor plants the factors to be kept under control are: indoor plants are generally of tropical origin (Ficus, tronchetti, Potos), therefore they need high and constant temperatures, with a good level of humidity. Mistakes that should be avoided are placing the plants near heat sources (radiators, fireplaces, etc.), which make the air too dry, put the plants in positions subject to current (near entrance doors or windows), delay the moment they return to the apartment because they would be subjected to low night temperatures.
fundamental element that allows the life of plants, light, sometimes it can become a negative factor. Placing the plants near glass windows exposed to the sun causes damage without wanting, in fact the glass creates a "lens effect" to the solar rays, which in this way burn the leaves. Or there is often a lack of flowering of the plant because it has not received enough light, same things for those plants that need a lot of light to grow (eg Anthurium, Ficus Benjamin), which are placed in poorly lit areas of the house just because they are aesthetically they fit in that position. In this case it is important to understand what type of plant fits the brightness of the environment in which it will be placed. as a general rule watering must be regular and not excessive, in order not to create situations of water stagnation or excessive dryness of the soil. It is also important to use water that is poor in limestone and chlorine so as not to create excess salt in the soil that would cause the roots to die. Plants require all the nutrients, which are generally made with fertilizers. If the fertilizations are not regular, or not suitable for the type of plant (eg the tropical plants need nitrogen and microelements very much), there are alterations of the plant: such as the lack of flowers and fruits, branches with few leaves , which make the plant look ugly, thus depriving it of its ornamental function.
When the plant shows the first symptoms of suffering (some yellowed leaves, flowers that fall quickly), it is recommended to give them formulas that act as tonic, which have the property of containing "useful elements" ready for use.
These "nutritional activators" are based on amino acids, vitamins, plant extracts and carbohydrates that, in practice, provide energy and useful substances for a prompt recovery, determining quickly:
· Formation of new plant tissues (shoots).
· More efficient photosynthesis.
· Increased leaf area.
· Greater radical activity
· More intense flowering.
The nutritional activators, if they are administered to the plants in normal vital conditions, have the property of favoring and enhancing their vegetative, floral and fruiting development.