Raspberries are one of the popular berries. Many varieties of this berry have been bred by breeders. Consider the description of the Indian Summer raspberry variety, the most important advantages and imperfections, the peculiarities of growing in private farms, planting young seedlings and further care, collecting ripe fruits and storing the crop. What diseases can raspberries hurt, their treatment and prevention of spread.
Description and characteristics of raspberries Indian summer
Kostinbrodskaya and Novost Kuzmina became the ancestors of the Indian Summer variety. Zoned for the regions of the North-West, North-Caucasian, Central regions. It is unsuitable for planting in the southern regions, since it does not stand out for drought resistance and does not withstand the heat. It is also not recommended to grow this variety in the northern regions.
Indian summer belongs to remontant varieties, from raspberry bushes get 2 crops per season: 1st in June-mid-July and 2nd in September-mid-October. When growing a crop of raspberry fruits on 1-year-old stems, it is removed 1 time - in August, but the volume will be greater than in the first case. On average, 1-3 kg of berries are removed from each bush of this variety of raspberries.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
The Indian summer bush consists of pinkish stems of medium size (1-1.5 m), which have thin but hard thorns. The bush is medium spreading, forms many shoots of the 2nd order.
Berries are cone-shaped, truncated, 2.5-3.5 g. Sweet and sour, with an unexpressed aroma, juicy. The variety is frost-resistant; under cover it can withstand severe frosts without damage.
Pros and cons of the variety
renovation, which means that you can pick berries twice a season;
low ripeness, you can pick the berries of the 2nd harvest in the fall, when the others are gone;
during autumn rains they do not deteriorate and do not lose their taste;
resistance to fungal diseases;
practically does not tolerate transportation, therefore it is suitable for fresh food or quick processing;
weak shoot-forming ability.
Features of growing a bush
In order for raspberry seedlings to start well and give a crop, you need to choose a suitable place for them, plant them correctly. Let's take a closer look at this.
Dates and place
Raspberries of this variety are planted in the southern part of the garden, where there are no strong winds, not far from buildings or fences that will obscure it. Saplings are planted in autumn and spring, preferably in autumn. The right time is the end of September, the 1st half of the next month.
Preparation of seedlings
The roots of the bushes are soaked in a solution of a growth stimulant for 1 day, then the tips are cut off. The stems are also pruned, leaving a few buds. While the seedlings are being processed, planting holes are being prepared. Dig them up to 0.5 m in width and depth, fill in a mixture of humus, peat and ash.
Planting scheme and process
A distance of 1-1.5 m in width is made between the seedlings of Indian Summer, between adjacent rows - 2 m. Plant roots are lowered into the prepared holes, watered and sprinkled with earth. Slightly compact and mulch with a layer of leaves, straw, hay.
Once planted, raspberries require continuous grooming. The complex of works includes watering, fertilizing, pruning.
Watering and fertilizing plants
In the first season, fertilizers are not applied. In the spring of next year, 1 bucket of humus and 2 kg of ash are poured under each bush. Everything is mixed with earth. After collecting all the fruits, the bushes are fed with mineral fertilizers: 15 g of saltpeter, 40 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate are added. Water the raspberries with such a frequency that the soil remains moist. Watering is mandatory in heat and drought. At least a bucket of water should be poured onto each bush.
Indian summer raspberries are bred with shoots coming from the roots, in spring or autumn. Transplanted after digging, watered until they take root.
If the soil is not covered with mulch, you need to loosen it after each watering. Depth - 5 cm so as not to touch the roots.
If raspberries are grown on the farm as a 1-year-old, then in the fall the shoots are cut at the root. If you need to get 2 crops, then among the ripened shoots, the strongest are chosen in the amount of 5-6 pieces, the rest are removed. In summer, they are cut out after picking berries, young ones remain on the bush, of the current year.
Preparing for the winter period
After pruning, the area with the bushes is covered with a layer of mulch 10-15 cm thick. All plant residues, stems and leaves are burned so that diseases do not spread. If the shoots remain for the winter, in winter, with severe frosts, you need to cover them with snow. In the spring, the mulch is removed and a new layer is laid.
Diseases, pests and prevention from them
Despite the general resistance to fungi, raspberries can be sick with mosaics, powdery mildew, and spotting. This often happens in cold and damp weather. Therefore, it is worthwhile to carry out preventive spraying against these diseases even before the infection develops. Of the pests, bushes can infect aphids, raspberry beetle and spider mites.
Control measures - spraying with insecticide solutions when pests are detected until they completely disappear.
Collection and storage
The variety bears fruit once or twice a season. The berries are harvested after full ripening. Productivity - within 1-3 kg per bush. They do not store for a long time, so you should try to quickly process them, eat them or sell them. The fruits make excellent homemade preparations.
Indian Summer is a remontant variety recommended for landing in temperate regions. Resistant to diseases, gives 2 crops per season. You can harvest the fruits in the middle of autumn; during the autumn rains, they do not lose their quality and shape. Suitable for fresh food and canning.