The maintenance of quails is fraught with certain difficulties. Diseases to which quail are susceptible are a serious threat to livestock. These birds are not distinguished by strong immunity, and non-compliance with preventive measures and violation of the rules of keeping only contribute to the development of ailments - that is why quails die, including in large quantities. It is important to know the symptoms of the main pathologies, the reasons for their appearance and the methods of treatment.
Possible causes of death and methods of their solution
Due to violation of the rules of maintenance, as well as due to ignoring of preventive measures, quails often suffer from serious, including fatal, diseases.
The lack of ventilation in the place where the quails are kept creates favorable conditions for the spread of infection. Overcrowding also contributes to Salmonella infection. Another reason why salmonellosis develops is feeding poor-quality food. Pathology does not lend itself to therapy, so all sick birds are destroyed.
It is an intestinal infection that spreads rapidly among the livestock, leading to an epidemic. Sources of infection are water, food, feces. Treatment is carried out with antibiotics, "Acidophilus" is added to the diet, and the aviaries are disinfected.
The infection affects the digestive tract and other internal organs. The disease leads to the death of weekly quails. If pathology is detected, the bird is discarded and the blood of the remaining individuals is checked for infection. The aviary and equipment are also disinfected. Quails that have been in contact with sick birds are quarantined.
Symptoms of the disease are almost invisible, so individuals often die from infection and its consequences. Treatment involves the use of antimycotics, vitamin supplements. The antifungal drug "Clotrimazole" and the like are also effective against infection.
Symptoms are pronounced and are manifested in the following:
- rash on the head, around the eyes, on the eyelids and beak;
- plaque in the mouth.
Quail and adults are treated with "Tetracycline", "Trimekol". The diet also changes - vitamin A is added to the feed, the drink is saturated with potassium iodide. The room where sick birds were kept is disinfected.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Therapy is usually not carried out, and infected quails are slaughtered. If at the same time the disease has not affected the internal organs, meat that has been thoroughly cooked can be eaten.
In the first 7 days, the disease is asymptomatic and ends with the rapid death of the quail. Transmission of infection occurs through feces, dirty food, rats, cats, birds. For humans, this virus is also dangerous, so it is necessary to disinfect all the equipment and premises where the birds lived. It is best to handle with a 1-2% alkaline solution. It is categorically impossible to eat meat and eggs of such birds. Pseudo-plague is not amenable to treatment. Sick quails are slaughtered, and the carcasses are burned.
This is another dangerous disease from which birds die very quickly. Symptoms are bloody diarrhea, bluish tinge of the beak. Not amenable to treatment.
The infection is transmitted quickly, the disease occurs suddenly and leads to the death of individuals. At first, the pathology does not manifest itself in any way. In the future, birds have symptoms such as:
- blood in the stool;
- white diarrhea;
- dull, ruffled feathers.
To cure a bird at home, use "Bacitracin", "Streptomycin", "Furazolidone".
Often the reason why a bird suddenly died for no apparent reason is the joint maintenance of females and males. For 4-6 quails and one male, there is a cage measuring 80 by 40 by 20 cm.
Another important point is that it is necessary to ensure such conditions that the birds have a take-off distance of no more than 20 cm, since they take off vertically. Another common problem is cannibalism. Most often, young quails and unhatched chicks suffer from this phenomenon. Pecking is usually the result of fierce fights inside the enclosure, and the reason for such aggression is a lack of nutrients of protein origin. Other provoking factors:
- uncomfortable conditions of detention;
- internal deviations.
To prevent the development of serious diseases in quails, poultry breeders adhere to the following rules:
- A balanced diet rich in vitamins. The presence of fruits, herbs, vegetables in the diet.
- Walking. Birds need to be released from the cage periodically.
- Correct content. No crowding, cleanliness, etc.
- Disinfection. Poultry houses should be regularly treated with an antiseptic.
It is important to remember that the immune defense of young animals is formed from 3 weeks of age to 3 months. During this period, the impact of negative factors poses the greatest danger to quails.
Diseases that can lead to the death of birds are numerous. The health of birds depends on the knowledge and skills of the farmer, who can prevent the onset of the disease, notice changes in the behavior and condition of quails in time, and take appropriate measures.