Garden

Pomegranate pruning


Question: pomegranate pruning


I have a bush pomegranate but I don't like it, I can and if yes, when can I prune it by removing all the branches leaving only the central stem? Thanks.

Answer: pomegranate pruning


Dear Maurizio,
the pomegranate, Punica granatum, is a shrub of Asian origin, present for millennia throughout the Mediterranean area, where it has always been cultivated, for food purposes; in the last decades flower pomegranates have been hybridized, producing very large and colored holes, but fruits of poor size and quality. In any case, of any pomegranate it is, these shrubs tend to have a very disordered development, because they produce lots of basal suckers; if left to itself, a pomegranate gives rise to an enlarged shrub, consisting of many stems, randomly branched. Certainly, a pomegranate with a single stem is of a much more pleasant appearance, so that it develops a thick and not too tall trunk, with a crown extended to the top. Usually, this type of choice is made when the plant is still young, typically still in the nursery. But it is possible to "re-educate" an adult pomegranate, so as to obtain a sapling from a messy shrub. Usually the pomegranates are pruned when they are in vegetative rest, or when they are without leaves, and therefore in late autumn, or towards the end of winter. We proceed, first of all, by choosing a healthy and well developed stem, which will become the main stem. Consider that, if your pomegranate is made up of many well-developed suckers, it would be advisable to avoid doing the "transformation" all at once, but rather I advise you to proceed step by step. Once the main stem is chosen, all the surrounding shoots are cut at the base; therefore most of the secondary branches are pruned, which are located near the base of the stem. If the stem is erect, and does not have a hair extended to the upper extremity, we will have to favor its development, cutting the bush, or cutting the upper part. Pomegranates are very vigorous and resistant plants, and always tend to produce basal suckers over time; if you want your sapling to develop healthy and with a beautiful crown, periodically (at least a volt a year) you will have to remove the basal shoots that it will constantly produce. Generally these shrubs tend to respond well to pruning, so do not be afraid to do excessive pruning, because they should not worry your pomegranate much, which will respond by producing many new shoots; obviously, with the arrival of spring, it encourages good plant development by removing the shoots that are found in areas where you don't want to have branches in the future.