Weird almond tree

Question: Almond tree strange

Hello everybody,
I believe that the almond tree I planted last winter and that it did not flower for frost has a strange foliage, with leaves only in the upper part (as in the photos I would like to attach ...).
Guilt of garden pruning? of failed flowering? can i fix it thank you very much!

Answer: Almond tree strange

Dear Francesco,
the almond is a species of prunus, native to Asia, introduced in the Mediterranean area in ancient times, by the Phoenicians; the cultivation of almonds, in Italy, is practiced mainly in Sicily, especially with regard to production plants, although in reality almond trees, mainly for ornamental purposes, are cultivated in a large part of the peninsula. The main problem of almond cultivation concerns its very early flowering, which occurs even in January or February in some areas, later in March in others; unfortunately the Italian springs often have brief frosts that occur suddenly, just when the almond trees swell the buds or are already in bloom, causing them to fall early, and causing the total or partial absence of fruit. I live in the province of Brescia, not far from Lake Garda, and the almond tree that my grandfather laid down in fruitfulness every year, with abundance, thanks to the fact that it was put to stay south of the house, and near the building, that the it thus preserved from cold winter winds; the problem lies in the fact that continuous excessively cold and often very wet winters make the attack by pests and diseases more probable, and therefore the plant tends to be short-lived. In fact, my almond tree was knocked down at just 15 years of age, which are very few for an almond tree. Since you don't tell us where you live, spent your almond tree being planted in an area where winters are quite mild and dry, or at least in a very sunny area of ​​the garden, far from the cold wind, which is the first which is why the floral buds fall prematurely. If it were not so, given that the plant is still young, you are still in time to move it to an area more suited to its development, where it enjoys full sun for many hours every day, and where it is sheltered from the most intense cold and possibly even from late frosts. Having said that, usually in the nursery you will find fruit trees that have been grafted for a couple of years, which have a little developed foliage; this type of sapling generally has an excellent chance of taking root, and during the first years of life, whoever buys it can still perform interventions to change the shape of the foliage, depending on his personal choices. So, usually, it is necessary to prune the young fruit trees, so as to give a shape to the branches that will be the backbone of the foliage. Generally it is pruned slightly, shortening the branches, or even removing those that are particularly weak, or that develop towards the center of the crown and not towards the outside. The younger branches are shortened by about a third, to encourage greater growth of new shoots and new branches. The prunings are practiced before the leaves snack at the beginning of spring; this type of pruning also favors a greater production of foliage along all the branches. In general, a training pruning is carried out during the first two or three years of plant life; in the following years only clean prunings of broken or weather-damaged branches are carried out.