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Fuchsia


Fuchsia


Fuchsias, species originating in Central and South America and New Zealand, are mainly cultivated for the pendulous flowers, whose corolla with overlapping petals often has a different color from the chalice. Very widespread are the hybrid varieties of this plant, whose height and diameter vary considerably, also taking into account the cultivation methods: the varieties cultivated in sapling pots reach even a meter and a half in height, while the bush varieties do not exceed 80 cm. The situation is different for the varieties grown on the ground. Which can reach even two and a half meters in height by two in diameter. In areas with milder climates they are used outdoors as border plants, while in colder areas they must be cultivated in a cold greenhouse, remaining outdoors only from late spring until early autumn, at least as regards the more delicate varieties. In addition to fuchsias grown in pots, with an erect habit, there are also prostrate varieties, often placed in hanging baskets.
The fuchsias prefer a well-drained soil, enriched with peat and soil, to be watered abundantly in dry periods. They should be placed at home when they are well strengthened, also because this plant suffers from low temperatures, often seeing almost all its branches die in the regions and in the colder seasons. The most delicate varieties can be exposed outdoors from May to October and, after flowering, it is good to almost completely suspend the administration of water. If you want to make the fuchsias take on a pyramidal shape, cime the main shoot several times each time by 15 cm and the side shoots up to 6 weeks before flowering, which will be very abundant.