Camellia japonica in the garden
If it is not particularly exposed to the wind or to direct solar radiation, typical of the early afternoon hours, the camellia is an excellent pot plant, easily placed on terraces or balconies. If possible, prefer to stay in lighted areas, but in the shade. Like all garden plants of this variety, the camellia tolerates abundant rainfall well and finds its ideal climatic balance in lakes, hills and plains in the advanced hinterland. It is not a plant that loves brackish air and subalpine areas. Other species instead tolerate these climates without any problem and are able to develop quietly. The cultivation soil should be composed of woodland humus to facilitate plant growth.
Variety of camellias
Camellia is a species available in large varieties. Those most suitable for the garden are flowering in spring and appear as a rustic shrub that can reach ten meters in height. They are species of great impact and therefore considered ornamental plants in all respects. The most known and used species in the garden is the 'Camellia Japonica', the plant of this family that has the largest number of choice, recognizable by the color of the very green and dark leaves; the 'Camellia Hiemalis', with small spear leaves and bushy shrub; the 'Camellia Oleifera', which blooms with large pink and white flowers; the 'Camellia Sasanqua', which unlike all the other species grows well with a sunny exposure. In Italy several species of camellia have been imported and today it is possible to purchase multiple varieties. At the specialized garden centers or nurseries it is possible to find the desired species and cultivate it in your own garden.
Use and applications of camellia
Camellia is widely used in applications in the cosmetic, homeopathic and phytotherapeutic fields. From its essential oil cosmetic products are produced against aging and necessary for the destruction of free radicals. Particularly relevant is the topical use in cases of acne rosacea and seborrheic dermatitis, moreover its use is also quite widespread in the aesthetic treatment of scars or as a preventive cream for stretch marks. Used as a shampoo, camellia oil helps hair that is damaged and damaged by the action of the hair dryer. It is possible to use camellia oil, as a cream to spread on the hair, to hinder the occurrence of lice. Camellia lotion is also used effectively for muscular pains and as a local anti-inflammatory for sportsmen.
Camellia plant: Care and prevention of diseases
Camellia japonica needs gardening interventions aimed mainly at pruning and disease prevention. Pruning is not indispensable except in those cases where it is advisable to eliminate the parts that influence, because of unproductive, the bad growth of the plant. Flowering can be extremely generous, so even the flowers must be 'cleaned' of all those extra petals, so as not to corrupt their posture. Dried leaves and flowers must be removed after flowering to favor the passage of air and essential light to the shrub. An excess of humidity or low brightness could cause browning of the leaves. The main harmful agents of the species are the red spider, the cochineal and the aphids, which damage the leaves making them sticky to the touch.